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Monthly Archives: July 2019

Understanding Disk I/O – when should you be worried?

Monitoring and analyzing performance is an important task for any System Administrators. Disk I/O bottlenecks can bring applications to a crawl. Some of the common questions for anyone embarking on a disk I/O analysis What are IOPS? Should I use SATA, SAS, or SSD? What RAID level should I use? Is my system read or write-heavy?   Disclaimer: I do not consider myself an expert in storage or anything for that matter. This is just how I have done I/O analysis in the past. I welcome additions and corrections   What are IOPS? They are input-output (I/O)... Read More

Understanding Linux CPU Load – when should you be worried?

Understanding Linux CPU Load - when one should be worried? All must be familiar with Linux load averages. Load averages are the three numbers shown with the uptime and top commands - it looks like this: load average: 0.09, 0.05, 0.01 Most administrators have a notion of what the load averages mean are the three numbers represent averages over progressively longer periods of time (one, five, and fifteen-minute averages), and that lower numbers are better. Higher numbers represent a problem or an overloaded machine. But, what's the threshold? What constitutes "good" and "bad"... Read More

Use of “Kill” & “Kill -9”

Folks normally have the practice to use “kill -9 ”; to terminate any process. Many times this creates zombies process and this is true!!! My 1 cent request is to use “kill -9 ” command carefully. I’m sharing a brief difference on "Kill" & "Kill -9". Hopefully, this will be useful. “kill” command sends a kill signal to terminate any process gracefully when attached with a pid or a processname. This is the default and safest way to kill/terminate a or set of processes. “kill <pid> / <processname>” sends SIGTERM (15) – Termination signal. However, this... Read More